To view the original video and read the News Release, please go to http://www.nichd.nih.gov/news/releases/Pages/030209-vitamin-B12.aspx
Dr. James Mills on camera
Dr. James MillsSenior Investigator, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
What are neural tube defects and how common are they?
What has this recent study shown about the connection between neural tube defects and vitamin B-12?
Why was the study in Ireland?
What's the take-away message?
Dr. Mills: Well, it's very important that women get folic acid, because that is the major protective item, and although foods in the U.S. contain folic acid now, women should still take a supplement that has 400 micrograms of folic acid. The point that we're making in our study, that's new, is that women also should be aware of the fact that they need adequate B12. And two groups of women are at risk: those who are vegans, who may not be getting B12 in their diets; and women who have an absorption problem, any gastrointestinal problem that can interfere with vitamin absorption. And their physician should be able to tell them whether they are at risk.