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Researchers Use Brain Scans to Predict Early Reading Difficulties
Researchers have used brain scans to track how young children learn to read, raising the possibility that the method could be used to diagnose young children with dyslexia and other reading disorders before they experience problems in school. Once identified, the children could be fast-tracked to interventions designed to help them overcome their reading difficulties.


NICHD Blogs about Safe Infant Sleep on
Dr. Shavon Artis shares public health information and personal stories from parents to help infants sleep safely.


Exploring Factors That Influence Child Development
The NICHD’s Section on Child and Family Research investigates the effects of biology, family, environment, and culture on growing children.


Scientists plug into a learning brain
Learning is easier when it only requires nerve cells to rearrange existing patterns of activity than when the nerve cells have to generate new patterns, a study of monkeys has found. The scientists explored the brain's capacity to learn through recordings of electrical activity of brain cell networks. The study was partly funded by the National Institutes of Health.


NIH scientists visualize structures of brain receptors using subcellular imaging
Scientists at the National Institutes of Health have created high-resolution images of the glutamate receptor, a protein that plays a key role in nerve signaling. The advance, published online in the journal Nature on August 3, 2014, opens a new window to study protein interactions in cell membranes in exquisite detail.


Study Could Lead to New Therapies for Epilepsy, Depression
A new study has succeeded in creating detailed images of one group of receptors—the glutamate receptors—and this discovery may lead to therapies for these and other diseases and conditions.


NICHD video highlights locusts’ contribution to understanding the nervous system
Researchers at the National Institutes of Health are uncovering clues on how the brain and nervous system functions—from an unlikely source. NICHD neuroscientist Mark A. Stopher, Ph.D., studies locusts and other insects to gain insights into the workings of the human nervous system. Dr. Stopfer is an investigator in the NICHD’s Unit on Sensory Coding and Neural Ensembles.


The Family Life Project Releases Synthesis of Early Findings
A new publication provides the first 3 years of results from the NICHD’s Family Life Project. The project’s purpose is to shed light on childhood development in rural areas, with a focus on understanding how poverty and the family affect children’s development in such settings.


Solving a Puzzle in the Brain
An often unsung contributor to scientific advances is the junior researcher—whether a recent college graduate or even a high school student. Recently, a group of these scientists at the NICHD laid the groundwork for the discovery of a new type of cell in the brain.


40 Years of Research from Liver to Brain
Dr. Kuo-Ping (K.P.) Huang found the NICHD to be such an ideal place to do research when he arrived in 1973 that he stayed for more than 40 years. In that time, he made major discoveries related to the regulation of sugar storage and brain function. To mark his January 2014 retirement, the NICHD takes a look back at his prolific career.


Revised autism screening tool offers more precise assessment
An updated screening tool that physicians administer to parents to help determine if a very young child has autism has been shown to be much more accurate than earlier versions at identifying children who could benefit from further evaluation, according to researchers supported by the National Institutes of Health.


Picture This: NICHD Support for Neuroscience Research
This week, thousands of neuroscientists from around the world—many of them supported by the NICHD and other NIH Institutes and Centers—are gathering at the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience. This Spotlight highlights the diverse areas of neuroscience research that the NICHD supports.


Aumento del riesgo de déficits neurológicos y cognitivos en jóvenes con VIH
Más del 65 por ciento de los jóvenes infectados con VIH sufrían un deterioro leve a moderado de las habilidades de motricidad fina, la memoria y otras habilidades cognitivas, aunque no lo suficiente como para afectar el funcionamiento cotidiano de la mayor parte de ellos, de acuerdo con el estudio de la red de los Institutos Nacionales de Salud.


Increased risk of neurological, cognitive deficits in youth with HIV
More than 65 percent of HIV-infected youth had mild to moderate impairments in fine-motor skills, memory, and other cognitive skills, although not enough to affect day-to-day functioning for most, according to a National Institutes of Health network study.


NIH grantee develops new technology to recognize words via brain activity patterns
Dr. Brett Miller spoke with NICHD grantee Dr. Tom Mitchell, on using computers to recognize spoken words by analyzing the brain activity patterns of listeners.


Dr. Lisa Freund New Branch Chief for Child Development and Behavior Branch
Dr. Lisa Freund, Ph.D., has been named the new Chief of the Child Development and Behavior Branch, as announced in an email from Dr. Catherine Spong, M.D., Director of the Division of Extramural Research.


Stroke prevention, treatment, and research topic of NICHD May podcast
In the May NICHD Research Perspectives, NICHD researchers and grantees discussed how to reduce the risk for stroke, current stroke treatments, and research on how best to rehabilitate stroke patients.


2012 Division of Intramural Research (DIR) Annual Report
One of the largest intramural divisions within the NIH, the NICHD’s DIR studies a diverse range of topics from molecular and cellular processes, to developmental endocrinology and genetics, to obstetric and perinatal research, to pediatric imaging. These and other research areas are the focus of the 2012 DIR Annual Report.


Women’s, Men’s brains respond differently to hungry infant’s cries
Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have uncovered firm evidence for what many mothers have long suspected: women’s brains appear to be hard-wired to respond to the cries of a hungry infant.


Backwards signals appear to sensitize brain cells, rat study shows
When the mind is at rest, the electrical signals by which brain cells communicate appear to travel in reverse, wiping out unimportant information in the process, but sensitizing the cells for future sensory learning, according to a study of rats conducted by researchers at the National Institutes of Health.
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For details and further information on select NICHD News Releases, please see Backgrounders.

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