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11/24/2014

Brain abnormality found in group of SIDS cases
More than 40 percent of infants in a group who died of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) were found to have an abnormality in a key part of the brain, researchers report. The abnormality affects the hippocampus, a brain area that influences such functions as breathing, heart rate, and body temperature, via its neurological connections to the brainstem. According to the researchers, supported by the National Institutes of Health, the abnormality was present more often in infants who died of SIDS than in infants whose deaths could be attributed to known causes.

11/18/2014

NIH-sponsored study identifies superior drug regimen for preventing mother-to-child HIV transmission
For HIV-infected women in good immune health, taking a three-drug regimen during pregnancy prevents mother-to-child HIV transmission more effectively than taking one drug during pregnancy, another during labor and two more after giving birth, an international clinical trial has found.

11/13/2014

20 Years of Protecting Infants During Sleep
​​Dr. Alan Guttmacher writes in the Huffington Post about the NICHD-led Safe to Sleep® campaign and how SIDS has affected his own family.

11/6/2014

Parents’ Response to Baby’s Babbling Can Speed Language Development
A new study suggests that how parents respond to their infants’ babbling sounds may foster their infants’ language skills. Playfully mimicking or returning infant babbling lets the child know that he or she can communicate, and this knowledge helps the infant learn the complex sounds that make up speech.

10/20/2014

October is SIDS Awareness Month
This year marks the 20th anniversary of the NICHD-led Safe to Sleep® campaign (formerly the Back to Sleep® campaign), which was created to raise awareness about ways to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

10/15/2014

Study casts doubt on plans to scale up preterm birth treatment in low resource settings
A study by a National Institutes of Health research network calls into question plans to increase access to steroid treatment for pregnant women in low resource settings at high risk for preterm birth. The study concluded that the treatment—a standard, life-saving practice in high income countries such as the United States—could potentially cause harm in low resource settings where many births take place outside the advance care hospitals that are standard in high income countries.

10/13/2014

NICHD Blogs about Safe Infant Sleep on Parents.com
Dr. Shavon Artis shares public health information and personal stories from parents to help infants sleep safely.

10/6/2014

Las medidas en cucharadas contribuyen a muchos errores de dosificación en los medicamentos para niños
Según los investigadores financiados por los Institutos Nacionales de la Salud, usar una cucharadita o una cucharada para dar los medicamentos a los niños duplica la probabilidad de que los padres den una dosis incorrecta. Los autores del estudio recomiendan que en lugar de usar cucharaditas o cucharadas, todos los medicamentos líquidos se les den a los niños en mililitros.

9/29/2014

Exploring Factors That Influence Child Development
The NICHD’s Section on Child and Family Research investigates the effects of biology, family, environment, and culture on growing children.

9/8/2014

Back to School: NICHD Podcasts Feature Research on Education and Health
Three recent podcasts feature research on the importance of preschool education and early acquisition of language skills for later health.

8/29/2014

Spoon Measurements Contribute to Many Child Drug-Dosing Errors
Using a teaspoon or a tablespoon to give children medicine doubled parents’ chances of giving an incorrect dose, according to researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health.

8/20/2014

Test reliably detects inherited immune deficiency in newborns
A newborn screening test for severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) reliably identifies infants with this life-threatening inherited condition, leading to prompt treatment and high survival rates, according to a study supported by the National Institutes of Health.

8/11/2014

Healthy Pregnancies, Healthy Newborns: Research to Improve Outcomes
Our Pregnancy and Perinatology Branch supports research on improved care for pregnant women and newborns and better treatment for pregnancy-related complications and neonatal diseases.

8/5/2014

NICHD Podcasts Feature Research on Maternal Smoking
Three recent podcasts feature research on smoking during pregnancy and its links to later health and behavior problems in children.

8/5/2014

Year-round preventive treatment reduces malaria risk in young children
A year-round preventive drug treatment substantially reduces young children’s risk of contracting malaria and poses no serious risk of adverse events, according to a study by researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health.

7/11/2014

"Mississippi Baby" Now Has Detectable HIV, Researchers Find
The child known as the “Mississippi baby”—an infant seemingly cured of HIV that was reported as a case study of a prolonged remission of HIV infection in The New England Journal of Medicine last fall—now has detectable levels of HIV after more than two years of not taking antiretroviral therapy without evidence of virus, according to the pediatric HIV specialist and researchers involved in the case.

7/10/2014

Together, NICHD & International Sorority Fight Childhood Asthma
Asthma is a serious condition affecting millions of Americans, including many children. The NICHD partnered with Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. to teach children and caregivers about effective asthma management.

6/16/2014

3 Key Ways Dads Can Help Baby Sleep Safe
This infographic has important tips to reduce the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and other sleep-related causes of infant death.

6/9/2014

Podcast: Head Start offers boost for kids with least academic stimulation
Head Start is a program which provides low-income children with preschool education, health care, and nutrition services. A recent analysis of a national study on Head Start shows that 1 year of the program improves children’s math, literacy, and vocabulary skills.

5/13/2014

NICHD Podcast Round-up
Listen to these latest podcasts to learn more about NICHD-supported research, what the findings may mean for patients and members of the public, as well as what direction future studies might take.
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Backgrounders

For details and further information on select NICHD News Releases, please see Backgrounders.

Vision National Institutes of Health Home BOND National Institues of Health Home Home Storz Lab: Section on Environmental Gene Regulation Home Machner Lab: Unit on Microbial Pathogenesis Home Division of Intramural Population Health Research Home Bonifacino Lab: Section on Intracellular Protein Trafficking Home Lilly Lab: Section on Gamete Development Home Lippincott-Schwartz Lab: Section on Organelle Biology