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1/27/2015

Estudio reafirma seguridad de medicamentos contra el VIH durante el embarazo
Los medicamentos antirretrovirales que se usan para controlar el VIH son un éxito rotundo en la prevención del contagio del virus de madre a hijo. Estos medicamentos no sólo son esenciales para mantener la salud de una mujer embarazada que tenga el VIH, sino que también casi han eliminado la transmisión del VIH de madre a hijo. En los Estados Unidos, la probabilidad de que la madre transmita el virus a su hijo es ahora menos del uno por ciento.

1/27/2015

Study Reaffirms Safety of Anti-HIV Drugs During Pregnancy
The antiretroviral drugs used to keep HIV at bay are an unqualified success at preventing the spread of the virus from mother to child. The drugs are not only essential for maintaining the health of a pregnant woman with HIV, they have also nearly eliminated the transmission of HIV to her baby. Among U.S. women, the likelihood of a mother passing the virus on to her child is now less than 1%.

1/8/2015

NICHD Hosts Upcoming Lecture on Fetal Individualized Medicine
The next NICHD Director’s Lecture at the NIH will feature Diana Bianchi, M.D., from Tufts University School of Medicine. Her talk, titled “Changing Paradigms: From Prenatal Genetic Diagnosis to Fetal Individualized Medicine,” will take place on January 21, 2015, 9:00–10:00 a.m., in Lipsett Amphitheater, at NIH’s Clinical Center in Bethesda, Md.

12/23/2014

Longer cooling, lower temperature no improvement for infant oxygen deprivation
The standard treatment for newborns whose brains were deprived of oxygen appears to work better than proposed alternatives, according to a study from a National Institutes of Health research network.

12/1/2014

Casi el 55 por ciento de los bebés de EE.UU. duerme con ropa de cama potencialmente peligrosa
A casi el 55 por ciento de los bebés de EE.UU. se les pone a dormir con ropa de cama, lo que aumenta el riesgo de sufrir el síndrome de muerte súbita del bebé o SIDS, por sus siglas en inglés, a pesar de las recomendaciones en contra de esta práctica, según informan los investigadores de los Institutos Nacionales de la Salud (NIH, por sus siglas en inglés), los Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades (CDC, por sus siglas en inglés) y otras instituciones.

12/1/2014

Nearly 55 percent of U.S. infants sleep with potentially unsafe bedding
Nearly 55 percent of U.S. infants are placed to sleep with bedding that increases the risk of sudden infant death syndrome, or SIDS, despite recommendations against the practice, report researchers at the National Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and other institutions.

11/24/2014

Brain abnormality found in group of SIDS cases
More than 40 percent of infants in a group who died of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) were found to have an abnormality in a key part of the brain, researchers report. The abnormality affects the hippocampus, a brain area that influences such functions as breathing, heart rate, and body temperature, via its neurological connections to the brainstem. According to the researchers, supported by the National Institutes of Health, the abnormality was present more often in infants who died of SIDS than in infants whose deaths could be attributed to known causes.

11/18/2014

NIH-sponsored study identifies superior drug regimen for preventing mother-to-child HIV transmission
For HIV-infected women in good immune health, taking a three-drug regimen during pregnancy prevents mother-to-child HIV transmission more effectively than taking one drug during pregnancy, another during labor and two more after giving birth, an international clinical trial has found.

11/13/2014

20 Years of Protecting Infants During Sleep
​​Dr. Alan Guttmacher writes in the Huffington Post about the NICHD-led Safe to Sleep® campaign and how SIDS has affected his own family.

11/6/2014

Parents’ Response to Baby’s Babbling Can Speed Language Development
A new study suggests that how parents respond to their infants’ babbling sounds may foster their infants’ language skills. Playfully mimicking or returning infant babbling lets the child know that he or she can communicate, and this knowledge helps the infant learn the complex sounds that make up speech.

10/20/2014

October is SIDS Awareness Month
This year marks the 20th anniversary of the NICHD-led Safe to Sleep® campaign (formerly the Back to Sleep® campaign), which was created to raise awareness about ways to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

10/15/2014

Study casts doubt on plans to scale up preterm birth treatment in low resource settings
A study by a National Institutes of Health research network calls into question plans to increase access to steroid treatment for pregnant women in low resource settings at high risk for preterm birth. The study concluded that the treatment—a standard, life-saving practice in high income countries such as the United States—could potentially cause harm in low resource settings where many births take place outside the advance care hospitals that are standard in high income countries.

10/13/2014

NICHD Blogs about Safe Infant Sleep on Parents.com
Dr. Shavon Artis shares public health information and personal stories from parents to help infants sleep safely.

10/6/2014

Las medidas en cucharadas contribuyen a muchos errores de dosificación en los medicamentos para niños
Según los investigadores financiados por los Institutos Nacionales de la Salud, usar una cucharadita o una cucharada para dar los medicamentos a los niños duplica la probabilidad de que los padres den una dosis incorrecta. Los autores del estudio recomiendan que en lugar de usar cucharaditas o cucharadas, todos los medicamentos líquidos se les den a los niños en mililitros.

9/29/2014

Exploring Factors That Influence Child Development
The NICHD’s Section on Child and Family Research investigates the effects of biology, family, environment, and culture on growing children.

9/8/2014

Back to School: NICHD Podcasts Feature Research on Education and Health
Three recent podcasts feature research on the importance of preschool education and early acquisition of language skills for later health.

8/29/2014

Spoon Measurements Contribute to Many Child Drug-Dosing Errors
Using a teaspoon or a tablespoon to give children medicine doubled parents’ chances of giving an incorrect dose, according to researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health.

8/20/2014

Test reliably detects inherited immune deficiency in newborns
A newborn screening test for severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) reliably identifies infants with this life-threatening inherited condition, leading to prompt treatment and high survival rates, according to a study supported by the National Institutes of Health.

8/11/2014

Healthy Pregnancies, Healthy Newborns: Research to Improve Outcomes
Our Pregnancy and Perinatology Branch supports research on improved care for pregnant women and newborns and better treatment for pregnancy-related complications and neonatal diseases.

8/5/2014

NICHD Podcasts Feature Research on Maternal Smoking
Three recent podcasts feature research on smoking during pregnancy and its links to later health and behavior problems in children.
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Backgrounders

For details and further information on select NICHD News Releases, please see Backgrounders.

Vision National Institutes of Health Home BOND National Institues of Health Home Home Storz Lab: Section on Environmental Gene Regulation Home Machner Lab: Unit on Microbial Pathogenesis Home Division of Intramural Population Health Research Home Bonifacino Lab: Section on Intracellular Protein Trafficking Home Lilly Lab: Section on Gamete Development Home Lippincott-Schwartz Lab: Section on Organelle Biology