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3/23/2015

For most children with HIV and low immune cell count, cells rebound after treatment
​​Most children with HIV who have low levels of a key immune cell eventually recover levels of this cell after beginning treatment, according to a study by researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health. ​

3/13/2015

Anti-herpes drug may help control HIV, NIH study finds
Valacyclovir, a drug commonly used to control the virus that causes genital herpes, appears to reduce the levels of HIV in patients who do not have genital herpes, according to a study by researchers from the National Institutes of Health, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Emory University, Atlanta and Lima, Peru.

2/20/2015

Research Round-up: Advances in Adolescent Health
NICHD studies adolescence with the goal of putting teens on the road to healthy adulthood.

2/5/2015

Research Network Helps HIV-Infected Youth
The Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions fights the spread of HIV with research on treatment and prevention in adolescents and young adults in the United States.

1/27/2015

Study Reaffirms Safety of Anti-HIV Drugs During Pregnancy
The antiretroviral drugs used to keep HIV at bay are an unqualified success at preventing the spread of the virus from mother to child. The drugs are not only essential for maintaining the health of a pregnant woman with HIV, they have also nearly eliminated the transmission of HIV to her baby. Among U.S. women, the likelihood of a mother passing the virus on to her child is now less than 1%.

12/23/2014

NICHD Recognizes Successes in HIV/AIDS Research and Focuses on Continued Challenges and Opportunities
The NICHD’s Maternal and Pediatric Infectious Disease Branch is building on its successes in HIV/AIDS research with a greater commitment to research on HIV-associated co-infections and other infectious diseases. We talk with the new Branch chief about the Branch’s successes in HIV/AIDS research and its expanded research mission.

11/18/2014

NIH-sponsored study identifies superior drug regimen for preventing mother-to-child HIV transmission
For HIV-infected women in good immune health, taking a three-drug regimen during pregnancy prevents mother-to-child HIV transmission more effectively than taking one drug during pregnancy, another during labor and two more after giving birth, an international clinical trial has found.

7/28/2014

NICHD Helps Build Research Capacity in Africa
In an effort to strengthen research in sub-Saharan Africa, the NICHD supported the training of researchers and administrators from 32 African countries on aspects of good grantsmanship. The materials from the training—tutorials, videos, and slides—are now online.

7/11/2014

"Mississippi Baby" Now Has Detectable HIV, Researchers Find
The child known as the “Mississippi baby”—an infant seemingly cured of HIV that was reported as a case study of a prolonged remission of HIV infection in The New England Journal of Medicine last fall—now has detectable levels of HIV after more than two years of not taking antiretroviral therapy without evidence of virus, according to the pediatric HIV specialist and researchers involved in the case.

5/8/2014

Podcast on Women’s Health: Where We’ve Been, Where We’re Going
Drs. Alan Guttmacher and Janine Clayton discuss past advances in women’s health research and possible future directions.

2/24/2014

Youth born with HIV may have higher heart disease risk, NIH network study shows
Nearly half of adolescents who have had HIV since birth may be at increased risk for cardiovascular disease — including heart attack and stroke — later in life, according to a National Institutes of Health network study.

2/18/2014

The NICHD Continues the Fight to Eliminate Prenatal and Infant Infections
In February 1994, a study showed that an anti-HIV drug could reduce the transmission of HIV from mothers to their newborn infants. Twenty years later, the NICHD continues its research efforts to find even more effective ways to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV and other infections.

1/23/2014

NIH research network finds many youth have high levels of HIV
More than 30 percent of young males who had sex with other males and who were subsequently enrolled in a government treatment and research network were found to have high levels of HIV, reported researchers from the National Institutes of Health and other institutions.

11/29/2013

World AIDS Day 2013: Focus on Adolescents and Young Adults
The NICHD joins the world community in celebrating the accomplishments to date in reducing and eliminating HIV/AIDS worldwide, with a focus on efforts related to enabling a new AIDS-free generation of teens and young adults.

11/12/2013

Picture This: NICHD Support for Neuroscience Research
This week, thousands of neuroscientists from around the world—many of them supported by the NICHD and other NIH Institutes and Centers—are gathering at the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience. This Spotlight highlights the diverse areas of neuroscience research that the NICHD supports.

8/29/2013

Increased risk of neurological, cognitive deficits in youth with HIV
More than 65 percent of HIV-infected youth had mild to moderate impairments in fine-motor skills, memory, and other cognitive skills, although not enough to affect day-to-day functioning for most, according to a National Institutes of Health network study.

8/16/2013

Anti-HIV drugs may protect against puberty delays in HIV-infected children
For children who have been HIV-infected since birth, current anti-HIV drug regimens may protect against the delays in puberty that had been seen in HIV-infected children taking older regimens, according to researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health.

8/9/2013

National Breastfeeding Month and NICHD Research
Breastfeeding provides important health benefits to both mothers and babies. During National Breastfeeding Month, the NICHD highlights some of its breastfeeding research.

8/2/2013

Getting the Facts on PHACS, the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study
Treatment with antiretroviral drugs has nearly eliminated mother-to-child transmission of HIV in the United States. But what are the effects of early treatment with those powerful drugs? What is the course of the disease in infants who become infected? PHACS is uncovering the answers to these important questions.

7/18/2013

Anti-HIV drugs in pregnancy not linked to children’s language delays
The combinations of anti-HIV drugs recommended for pregnant women do not appear in general to increase their children’s risk for language delay, according to a study from a National Institutes of Health research network.
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Backgrounders

For details and further information on select NICHD News Releases, please see Backgrounders.

Vision National Institutes of Health Home BOND National Institues of Health Home Home Storz Lab: Section on Environmental Gene Regulation Home Machner Lab: Unit on Microbial Pathogenesis Home Division of Intramural Population Health Research Home Bonifacino Lab: Section on Intracellular Protein Trafficking Home Lilly Lab: Section on Gamete Development Home Lippincott-Schwartz Lab: Section on Organelle Biology