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Video Text Alternative: Meet Our Researchers: How can lifestyle affect fertility?

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TITLE SLIDE:
Meet Our Researchers: The impact of lifestyle on fertility

NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development logo
GRAPHIC SLIDE: Susan Taymans, Ph.D.

Dr. Susan Taymans
and Dr. Stuart Moss on camera.
Dr. Susan Taymans: So for women, there are a host of genetic factors, some of which are known and some of which aren’t. And we do need a lot more research to uncover those factors. But, as of now,
Dr. Taymans on camera. Dr. Taymans: there’s almost nothing that a woman can do to control for her genetic factors.

One factor that is entirely within a woman’s control, though, is smoking. And we know that women who smoke go through menopause at least a year to 2 before their nonsmoking peers. And that becomes very significant when you think of the serious health consequences that we know become of greater risk after menopause, risks like cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis. So, it is very important, even if you don’t plan to have children, to protect your remaining reproductive years.
GRAPHIC SLIDE: Stuart B. Moss, Ph.D.

Dr. Taymans
and Dr. Moss on camera.
Dr. Stuart Moss: So, clearly there are factors that have been correlated with poor sperm quality—smoking, for example,
Dr. Moss on camera. Dr. Moss: obesity. But you have to remember that men have, in a typical ejaculate,
Dr. Taymans and Dr. Moss on camera. Dr. Moss: they ejaculate, 20 million sperm. And how many may be perturbed by the environmental toxicant is really unknown.
Dr. Taymans and Dr. Moss on camera. Dr. Taymans: A woman’s weight range is very important on either side. A woman who is obese—and 30% of the population is now—is going to have a
Dr. Taymans on camera. Dr. Taymans: more difficult time conceiving, a more complicated pregnancy, and a greater likelihood that her child is going to be obese and have health problems as well. But women who are underweight also have fertility issues. It’s more difficult for them to get pregnant and probably not an optimal environment when they do get pregnant.
Last Updated Date: 04/17/2014
Last Reviewed Date: 04/17/2014
Vision National Institutes of Health Home BOND National Institues of Health Home Home Storz Lab: Section on Environmental Gene Regulation Home Machner Lab: Unit on Microbial Pathogenesis Home Division of Intramural Population Health Research Home Bonifacino Lab: Section on Intracellular Protein Trafficking Home Lilly Lab: Section on Gamete Development Home Lippincott-Schwartz Lab: Section on Organelle Biology