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Do uterine fibroids lead to cancer?

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Uterine fibroids are not cancerous. Less than one in a thousand cases of fibroids develop into cancer.1

In a very small number of patients with a condition called hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer (HLRCC), the fibroids are linked to kidney cancer. However, this association is not seen in women who do not have HLRCC.2


  1. Levy, B., Mukherjee, T., & Hirschhorn, K. (2000). Molecular cytogenetic analysis of uterine leiomyoma and leiomyosarcoma by comparative genomic hybridization. Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 121(1), 1­8. [top]
  2. Berger, L. (2008, October 23). A Decade of Developments in Fibroid Research. New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/ref/health/healthguide/esn-fibroids-expert.html External Web Site Policy. [top]

Last Updated Date: 11/30/2012
Last Reviewed Date: 05/21/2013
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