If you have fibroids, you may still be able to get pregnant. Many women who have fibroids get pregnant naturally. Advances in treatments for fibroids and for infertility have greatly improved the chances for a woman to conceive. If you have fibroids and wish to become pregnant, it is wise to consult with a knowledgeable provider about the location of the fibroids and possible related problems with pregnancy or growth of a baby in the womb.
However, some women with fibroids do have trouble getting pregnant. Current research suggests that submucosal and intramural fibroids—fibroids that change the shape and size of the uterine cavity—seem to affect a woman's ability to get pregnant, even with in vitro fertilization.1 These fibroids may reduce fertility by as much as 70%.2 However, if the fibroid is treated, fertility may be restored.
Fibroids can also cause pregnancy complications, such as miscarriage, preterm delivery, abnormal position of the fetus, and the need for cesarean (C-section or surgical) delivery. Fibroids can also increase the risk of heavy bleeding after delivery.3
- Evans, P., & Brunsell, S. (2007). Uterine fibroid tumors: Diagnosis and treatment. American Family Physician, 75(10), 1503-1508 [top]
- Berger, L. (2008, October 23). A Decade of Developments in Fibroid Research. New York Times, http://www.nytreprints.com . Accessed June 29, 2011. [top]
- National Library of Medicine. (Jan 11, 2011). Uterine fibroids. MedlinePlus, http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000914.htm. Accessed June 29, 2011 [top]