Because bacteria cause most UTIs, the usual treatment for the condition is bacteria-fighting antibiotics.1
The choice of medication and length of treatment depend on the woman's medical history, the type of bacteria causing the infection, and whether the woman is allergic to any antibiotics.1 Health care providers may order a sensitivity test to identify which type of bacteria are causing the infection and to help select the most effective antibiotic.
Antibiotic medication is most effective when patients take the full recommended amount. It is important not to stop taking antibiotics at the first sign of improvement. The infection may remain in the body even after symptoms disappear.
For more information on treatments for UTIs in women, visit http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/utiadult/#treatment.
For information about UTIs in children, visit http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/KUDiseases/pubs/utichildren/index.aspx.
Health care providers select treatments for UI based on the woman's age, the specific type of bladder control problem, and lifestyle.2 Several options are described below:
This method may involve the following strategies:
Medications can be used to:
Medications that prevent swelling and high blood pressure may increase urine output and aggravate UI. Switching to an alternative medication may solve the UI problem.
Tracking the contractions of the bladder and urethra muscles with an electronic device or diary may help patients gain control over these muscles.
Implanting a device to stimulate the nerves leading from the spine to the bladder can be effective when urge incontinence does not respond to bladder training or medication.
Absorbent products worn under clothes may help patients feel more assured and confident.
Inserting a catheter tube through the urethra into the bladder can assist people whose bladders do not empty completely because of overflow incontinence, poor muscle tone, surgery, or spinal cord injury.
For information about UI in men, visit http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/KUDiseases/pubs/uimen/index.aspx.
For information about UI in children, visit http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/KUDiseases/pubs/uichildren/index.aspx.
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