Turner syndrome affects women throughout their lives, with effects on growth and development as well as fertility and cardiovascular health. The NICHD is at the forefront of research on Turner syndrome and its effects on women's reproductive, cardiovascular, and psychosocial health.
Institute research is aimed at understanding the impact of Turner syndrome during various stages of a woman's life, including as a newborn, child, adolescent, and a woman of childbearing age.
Much of this research is conducted by the NICHD's Section on Women's Health within its Division of Intramural Research (DIR). A main focus is the cardiovascular effects of Turner syndrome in women. Section research has shown that malformations of cardiac veins are more common than originally thought, occurring in more than 20% of women with Turner syndrome. Research also discovered a new abnormality of the aorta, common in up to half of women with Turner syndrome. The abnormality, called elongated transverse arch of the aorta, appears to put women at risk for aortic complications. Other topics of research on women with Turner syndrome include:
NICHD also supports research on Turner syndrome through the Fertility and Infertility (FI) Branch. Topics within this portfolio include:
In addition, the FI Branch supports research on the genetics and epigenetics of reproduction. Much of this research has indirect implications for Turner syndrome. Topics include:
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