The NICHD conducts and supports a variety of research activities on stroke and its rehabilitation. Through both its extramural and intramural research projects, the NICHD seeks to better understand the following:
- How to develop and improve methods of stroke rehabilitation. Research projects involve developing and assessing rehabilitation therapies and interventions designed to improve function, quality of life, and outcomes for stroke patients.
- Imaging methods for stroke. Research at the NICHD involves developing brain imaging methods to better identify and diagnose affected regions of acute stroke.
- Stroke treatment and caregiving. This research includes studies of combinations of pharmacological, surgical, and physical therapies to improve stroke outcomes and measuring the burden of caregiving at different times post stroke.
- Underlying mechanisms of stroke. Studies include efforts to find stroke susceptibility genes, understand vascular development, and examine molecular mechanisms of neuronal damage during stroke.
- Secondary conditions of stroke. Research projects aim to understand and improve treatment of secondary conditions such as muscle atrophy, speech and language problems, pain, and psychological and psychosocial effects of these conditions.