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If I have a sexually transmitted disease or sexually transmitted infection (STD/STI), will I be able to get pregnant?

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Having an STD/STI will not prevent a woman from getting pregnant.

However, in some instances, women who have had STDs/STIs may have difficulty getting pregnant because of scarring and damage to their reproductive organs leading to infertility. This situation is particularly common in women who have had pelvic inflammatory disease.1 Additionally, early during pregnancy, STDs/STIs may increase the risk of miscarriage.2


  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010, September 14). Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs): Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. Retrieved June 6, 2012, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/PID [top]
  2. Check, J. H. (2010). A practical approach to the prevention of miscarriage. Part 4—Role of infection. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology, 37, 252–255. [top]

Last Updated Date: 04/02/2013
Last Reviewed Date: 05/28/2013
Vision National Institutes of Health Home BOND National Institues of Health Home Home Storz Lab: Section on Environmental Gene Regulation Home Machner Lab: Unit on Microbial Pathogenesis Home Division of Intramural Population Health Research Home Bonifacino Lab: Section on Intracellular Protein Trafficking Home Lilly Lab: Section on Gamete Development Home Lippincott-Schwartz Lab: Section on Organelle Biology