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Are there disorders or conditions associated with sexually transmitted diseases and sexually transmitted infections (STDs/STIs)?

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STDs/STIs in women can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which may result in infertility (difficulty getting pregnant).

Men with STDs/STIs also can have problems with infertility.1

Additionally, a person with an STD/STI other than HIV is two to five times more likely to contract the HIV virus than a person without an STD/STI. If a person is already HIV positive, having another STD/STI increases the chances that he or she will pass the virus on to his or her sexual partner.2

Some STDs/STIs, such as human papillomavirus, viral hepatitis, and HIV, increase the risk of some forms of cancer.3,4

Certain STDs/STIs can pass from a pregnant woman to the fetus in her womb. The effects can be life threatening, as is the case with HIV. Other STDs/STIs can cause a range of disorders in the infant, including deafness, blindness, and intellectual disability.


  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011, July 21). Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs): STDs & infertility. Retrieved June 6, 2012, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/infertility [top]
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010, April 28). Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs): HIV/AIDS & STDs. Retrieved June 6, 2012, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/hiv [top]
  3. Simard, E. P., Pfeiffer, R. M., & Engels, E. A. (2011). Cumulative incidence of cancer among individuals with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in the United States. Cancer, 117, 1089–1096. [top]
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010, September 14). em>Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs): Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. Retrieved June 6, 2012, from http://www.cdc.gov/std/PID [top]

Last Updated Date: 04/02/2013
Last Reviewed Date: 05/28/2013
Vision National Institutes of Health Home BOND National Institues of Health Home Home Storz Lab: Section on Environmental Gene Regulation Home Machner Lab: Unit on Microbial Pathogenesis Home Division of Intramural Population Health Research Home Bonifacino Lab: Section on Intracellular Protein Trafficking Home Lilly Lab: Section on Gamete Development Home Lippincott-Schwartz Lab: Section on Organelle Biology