The NICHD's Pregnancy and Perinatology Branch (PPB) supports a wide range of research on NEC. Recent PPB-supported studies have produced the following findings:
In addition, the Pediatric Growth and Nutrition Branch studies ways to identify infants at risk for NEC and to prevent this condition. Researchers investigating feeding supplementation with prebiotics and probiotics have shown that altering bacterial populations in the infant gut may have promise. They are exploring ways to replace aggressive pathological organisms with organisms commonly found in the human gastrointestinal tract that cause no harm.
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