Medication can treat some issues that affect male fertility, including hormone imbalances and erectile dysfunction.1
Surgery can be effective for repairing blockages in the tubes that transport sperm from the testicles to the penis. Surgery also can be used for repair of varicocele, or varicose veins, in the testicles. Current research suggests that surgical repair of varicocele can improve health of sperm, but it has not affected the chances for conception.1 If surgery does not restore fertility, ART can be effective.
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