Breast milk is the optimal source of nutrition for infants. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends iron-fortified infant formula as an appropriate alternative during the first year of life, when breast milk is not available.
A variety of formulas are sold for infants who are not breastfed or who are partially breastfed.
Infants who drink enough formula and are gaining weight appropriately usually do not need extra vitamins or minerals, as long as the formula is fortified with vitamin D and iron. Your health care provider may prescribe extra fluoride if the infant formula is mixed with non-fluoridated water.2
Infant formulas can be purchased in the following forms:1
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) closely monitors infant formulas to make sure they meet certain standards of nutrition for infants.1
Visit the FDA's webpage FDA 101: Infant Formula to learn more about infant formulas, nutritional specifications, and safety: http://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm048694.htm
Visit the AAP's policy on breastfeeding to learn more about infant formula recommendations:
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