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Educational & School-Based Therapies

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Children with autism are guaranteed free, appropriate public education under the federal laws of Public Law 108-177: Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (2004), sometimes called "IDEA."

IDEA ensures that children diagnosed with certain disabilities or conditions, including autism, get free educational services and educational devices to help them to learn as much as they can.

IDEA Covers Vhildren & Young Adults

In most states, each child is entitled to these services from age 3 years through high school, or until age 21, whichever comes first. Some states now offer these types of services beyond age 21. You can find the specific rules of IDEA for each state External Web Site Policy from the National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center.

Educational Environment

IDEA states that children must be taught in the "least restrictive environment, appropriate for that individual child." This means the teaching environment should:

  • Be designed to meet a child's specific needs and skills
  • Minimize restrictions on the child's access to typical learning experiences and interactions

Educating people with autism often includes a combination of one-on-one, small group, and regular classroom instruction.

Individualized Educational Program (IEP)1

The special education team in your child's school will work with you to design an individualized educational program (IEP) for your child. An IEP is a written document that:

  • Lists individualized goals for your child
  • Specifies the plan for services your child will receive
  • Lists the developmental specialists who will work with your child

Qualifying for Special Education

To qualify for access to special education services, the child must be evaluated by the school system and meet specific criteria as outlined by federal and state guidelines. To learn how to have your child assessed for special services, you can:


  1. Ten basic steps in special education. (n.d.). Retrieved January 28, 2011, from
    http://nichcy.org/schoolage/steps External Web Site Policy [top]

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Last Updated Date: 11/30/2012
Last Reviewed Date: 11/30/2012
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