In the Institute's first 50 years, it has supported research producing remarkable advances in public health, safety, and welfare. The featured discoveries below highlight the work of researchers supported by the NICHD as they have worked to eliminate causes of death and disability and to improve daily life for people across the United States and around the world. Read more about the profound changes produced by this research by selecting a link below or from the menu to the left.
- From Men to Mice to Men: Decades of NICHD-supported research have fundamentally changed the way we think about―and treat―conditions characterized by intellectual and developmental disability (IDD). Follow the link above to learn how Nobel award-winning research and genetics advances combined to lead to striking advances in our understanding of Fragile X syndrome, the most common inherited form of IDD.
- Neuroplasticity: The brain, it turns out, is an organ capable of remarkable acts of regeneration. This idea ran counter to scientific thinking for many years, but today it offers researchers the opportunity to explore fascinating and creative new ways of restoring movement to those who have lost a limb or have limited motion because of a brain injury or stroke. Read more at the link above.
- Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV: Did you know that an AIDS-free generation may soon be possible? One factor that will bring this about is the end of mother-to-child HIV transmission, and decades of NICHD-supported research have made dramatic reductions in transmission rates a reality. Read more about this history and the work that continues today by following the link above.
- Studying Young Drivers: Teenagers face among the highest accident risks, in part because they are so new to driving. Are there things that can be done to keep teen drivers safe while they gain experience on the road? Follow the link above to learn what researchers know about improving safety when teens are learning to drive.